Women go through a huge overhaul throughout their lifetimes, and gynecologic health complications might occur as a result of these changes. Women will, more often than not, have the same gynaecological concerns at different stages in their life. Don’t worry, most of the difficulties are rather typical and nothing to be concerned about. We, as women, should take comfort in learning about these prevalent gynaecological issues. Women learn to listen to their bodies, adapt their lifestyles to what is beneficial for their health, and maintain their gynaecological issues over time.
Learn about the most frequent gynaecological issues that women experience, as well as the symptoms that accompany them.
Numerous women do not receive adequate information regarding gynaecological issues. Lack of gynaecological health and sex education are also important factors in a woman’s life. Gynaecological issues and a woman’s sexual health are frequently overlooked in our society. In general, when a girl hits puberty may have a variety of gynaecological issues, more particularly after getting married or engaging in sexual activities
PUBERTY DELAY: There is no set age for menstruation to begin, but if it does not begin by the age of 11, it is preferable to consult a doctor. Though many young girls begin to have periods around the age of 14, lack of periods can also occur owing to the formation of a uterus. A skilled gynaecologist can confirm this and provide appropriate recommendations.
IRREGULAR BLEEDING: On average, menstrual cycles last five days, and blood loss is roughly four ounces or eight tablespoons. During their period, many women have one “heavy” day before and after lighter-flow days. Some women may have greater bleeding than others and yet be within the usual range. However, some women may experience much more severe bleeding, as well as clots and discomfort, for several days in a row. Contact your doctor if you’re having trouble with excessive bleeding, clots, or cramps. Prescription medications or, if the bleeding is severe, surgery may be used to treat irregular periods.
DYSMENORRHEA / PAINFUL PERIODS: The most frequent gynecologic issue among menstruating women is Primary dysmenorrhea. Several women, even when their daily tasks are restricted, fail to acknowledge it in medical interviews since it is so prevalent. In the absence of any detectable pelvic condition, it is commonly characterised as cramping discomfort in the lower abdomen that occurs with the start of menstruation. Secondary dysmenorrhea, on the other hand, refers to painful menses caused by pelvic disease such as endometriosis.
ENDOMETRIOSIS: When endometrial tissue is displaced outside the uterus, this happens. When a woman does not become pregnant throughout her cycle, the endometrial lining is lost every month together with her egg. When it comes to Endometriosis, women with endometrial tissue outside of the uterus lose the tissue, but it has nowhere to go. Inflammatory conditions and scarring result as a result of this.
The lack of menstruation is referred to as this. Before puberty, throughout pregnancy, nursing, and even after menopause, physiological amenorrhea occurs. When there is an underlying condition, such as primary amenorrhea, secondary amenorrhea, or cryptomenorrhea, pathological amenorrhea develops.
A girl who does not have a menstrual cycle by the age of 16 is said to have primary amenorrhea.
Secondary amenorrhea is defined as the lack of a period for six months or longer after normal menstruation had occurred. PCOS, tumours, stress, endometriosis, starvation, and other factors might be to blame.
Cryptomenorrhea is a condition in which menstruation blood does not flow out of the vaginal opening due to a common reason such as a blockage.
(UTI)URINARY TRACT INFECTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are 10 times more prevalent in women than in males and are caused by bacteria. More than half of all women will get at least one UTI in their lives. Within 6 months of the original episode, 30 to 40 per cent of UTIs reoccur. When UTIs repeat, it’s usually because the antibiotics used to inhibit bacteria appear to work at first but don’t provide a long-term solution. If a woman is infected with various germs, UTIs might reoccur.
YEAST INFECTIONS: Yeast infections in the vaginal area are a typical cause of vaginal discomfort. Three out of every four women will get a yeast infection at some point in their lives. Yeast infections are caused by an overabundance of yeast cells in the vaginal area. Pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, and the use of oral contraceptives or antibiotics are all major causes of yeast infections. Perfumed feminine hygiene sprays, topical antibacterial treatments, and tight, poorly ventilated garments and underwear are among the other reasons. Most yeast infections may be treated with over-the-counter or prescription drugs, which is fortunate.
PCOD: Poly cyst ovarian disease or PCOD is a rather common condition where the follicles produced by the ovaries do not mature into eggs. This results in the formation of cysts. Such a situation leads to no fertilization because of the lack of proper eggs. The cause of PCOD is yet to be discovered. Common symptoms include hair loss from the scalp and hair growth on the face, chest and other body parts. Because of the disturbance in hormones, a person suffering from PCOD is expected to have mood swings and even depression.
FIBROIDS: Fibroids are still the most frequent benign uterine tumour, as well as the most prevalent solid benign tumour in women. Fibroids are found in the wombs of at least 20% of women under the age of thirty. Fortunately, the majority of them (50%) are still asymptomatic. These are more frequent among women who have never had children or who have lost their fertility after having one kid. Between the ages of 35 and 45, the frequency is highest.
VIGINITIS: It is a vaginal infection and inflammation. Because there is a shortage of oestrogen in childhood, the estrogenic vaginal defence is weakened, and infection is readily spread. Infection by microscopic organisms is the most prevalent cause of vaginitis in women of reproductive age.
Sudden copious and foul vaginal discharge, discomfort and itching around the vaginal area, painful urination, and increased urine frequency are all symptoms. The discharge is thin, greenish-yellow, foamy, and foul-smelling.
In the case of Candida vaginitis or moniliasis, vaginal discharge is present, along with acute vulvovaginal irritation and painful sexual intercourse. The discharge is thick, curdy white, and flakes, and it adheres to the vaginal wall often.
DYSPAREUNIA OR PAINFUL SEXUAL INTERCOURSE: During or after sexual intercourse, dyspareunia refers to persistent discomfort in the vaginal region or lower abdomen. The discomfort might be mild or severe. It can happen even before intercourse, especially when some ladies are thinking about sex. Fear, shyness, and anxiety, as well as social and cultural factors, are major reasons why females may not seek therapy. This is also due to their desire to conceal their symptoms so that their male companions remain content despite their suffering. There should be no need to put off seeking medical help because dyspareunia is treatable. These women don’t have to waste time seeing a Gynecologist or Urogynecologist.
SOME OF THE FREQUENT SIGNS TO WATCH FOR :
- Vaginal bleeding that is abnormal during or between periods
- If your period cycles are coming in too late or too early
- It must not be connected to menstruation cramps if there is a pain in the pelvic area
- Breast Pain and Breast Lumps
- Passing pee causes a burning feeling
- While having intercourse or after having sex, there is vaginal bleeding.
- Sexual encounters that be painful.
- In the vaginal region, there may be itching, oedema, or redness
- Any lump or mass in the vaginal region that is abnormal.
- Vaginal discharge has increased
- Vaginal discharge that has an unpleasant odour or is a strange hue, such as green, yellow, or brown
- Keep the area clean.
- Make sure you get lots of water.
- Consume a diet that is high in fruits and vegetables.
- Regular exercise and stress-reduction measures such as yoga are recommended.
- Safely make sexual contact (using condoms and natural lubricants)
- Should Not ignore any extraordinary reproductive system symptoms.
It is recommended that all women, especially those who have reached adolescence, maintain track of their health regimen. Taking advantage of a well-women health check-up package once every 2-3 years is a great approach to ensure this. If any alarming symptoms arise, seek medical attention. Always remember to eat well and stay healthy.